In order to find answers to these questions, five spheres of city life were delineated in order to explore how languages are encountered, used and learned in city life. These spheres – which are not mutually exclusive and necessarily overlap in some ways – were:
- the public sphere
- economic life
- the private sphere (activity driven by citizens themselves)
- urban spaces or the ‘cityscape’.
Our findings in these domains were reported in City Reports (one for each of 18 cities in Europe, Canada and Australia) and in 5 more practical “Toolkits” suggesting activities and giving examples of existing best practice in Education, Health, Public Services, the Economy and the Urban Landscape.
These are now available from the LUCIDE website
The LUCIDE partnership included 16 partners (14 from Europe and 2 Third Country partners Canada & Australia) already active in the domain of multilingualism within urban contexts, at both University and City level, and in a range of city types. It included cities which have long traditions of multilingualism as well as those for whom this is relatively new.
It concluded with a major conference at LSE and a book, published by Multilingual Matters in 2016:
The Multilingual City: Vitality, Conflict and Change